Category: macos

Finally dual boot in MacBook Pro with Ubuntu Mate

Finally dual boot in MacBook Pro with Ubuntu Mate

Finally I took the decision to install Ubuntu Mate on My MacBook Pro, in general it is not that hard, but it is not trivial as well, briefly the steps I followed:

Refind

Install it from Refind. In my case I downloaded the zip file, as of this writing: refind-bin-0.10.4.zip.

I did the installation in “Recovery mode”. Boot the machine and press at the same time CMD+R.

Open a terminal and make the installation of Refind.

On next boot the refind screen should appear.

The following is to install Ubuntu Mate, I got mine in a USB stick and I booted the USB using the EFI boot.

The installation went OK, unfortunately I installed Grub on the same partition as Refind and it didn’t boot anymore, I went into Recovery mode again and reinstalled Refind it, now I have dual boot and Ubuntu Mate works like a charm in my MacBook Pro, well, I had to install the Intel drivers for the graphics card, but I will go into those details in another post.

Mac OS X terminal with Gentoo look and feel HOWTO.

Mac OS X terminal with Gentoo look and feel HOWTO.

  • Open a terminal by going to Applications -> Utilities -> Terminal, double click on it, when the prompt appears, type:
vim .profile
  • Type ‘a’ (without the quotes) to start editing and type:
export PS1='\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h \[\033[01;34m\]\W \$ \[\033[00m\]'
export CLICOLOR=1
export LSCOLORS=ExFxCxDxBxegedabagacad
  • Save the file by typing ESC then ‘w’ and then ‘q’ (no quotes).
  • Close the terminal and restart it again, voila, a Gentoo terminal style in Mac OS X.
How-to Use a Linux Server for Time Machine Backups

How-to Use a Linux Server for Time Machine Backups

Well, this desktop machine is becoming more of a server than anything else, so, I followed this guide to create the backups of my Mac Book Pro using my home network to a 3 TB hard disk attached to the desktop Ubuntu Linux, before setting up the server I created myself a LVM volume following this great guide in the book (see chapter Storage and Management Backup):

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Prepare the disk

I created a LVM volume and the final result is:

$ sudo pvdisplay /dev/sdd1
 --- Physical volume ---
 PV Name /dev/sdd1
 VG Name timeMachine
 PV Size 2.73 TiB / not usable 4.42 MiB
 Allocatable yes (but full)
 PE Size 4.00 MiB
 Total PE 715396
 Free PE 0
 Allocated PE 715396
 PV UUID 6pVk0Z-7XhB-SwtB-TYaQ-WG0d-YafZ-rG0uPP

And:

$ sudo vgdisplay timeMachine
 --- Volume group ---
 VG Name timeMachine
 System ID 
 Format lvm2
 Metadata Areas 1
 Metadata Sequence No 2
 VG Access read/write
 VG Status resizable
 MAX LV 0
 Cur LV 1
 Open LV 1
 Max PV 0
 Cur PV 1
 Act PV 1
 VG Size 2.73 TiB
 PE Size 4.00 MiB
 Total PE 715396
 Alloc PE / Size 715396 / 2.73 TiB
 Free PE / Size 0 / 0 
 VG UUID GPj6BC-Zopo-4i3p-jl7t-H1pk-dNtm-hpmqRK

Setting up a server

The next step is to use the following article by Sam Hewitt:

How-to Use a Linux Server for Time Machine Backups

A comment here is that after executing:

cd netatalk-debian

it is necessary to execute first ./configure and then make

EDIT:

After a successful backup I was not able to backup again, Mac showed an error message that the disk was unavailable, for some time my workaround was to restart the server daemon with:

$ sudo systemctl restart netatalk.service

That allowed me to make a new backup again, but restarting the service everytime, seems that for a permanent solution this need to be done in System Preferences

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In options select “Share files and folder using AFP”, keep disable the SMB selection if you don’t need to share file with Windows machines.
Now I can just repeat the backup process without restarting the server

EDIT 2:

Also this file needs to be added:

[mavila@marco-workstation-amd 20:59:26] ~ $ cat /etc/avahi/services/afpd.service

<?xml version="1.0" standalone='no'?><!--*-nxml-*-->

<!DOCTYPE service-group SYSTEM "avahi-service.dtd">

<service-group> 

 <name replace-wildcards="yes">%h</name> 

 <service> <type>_afpovertcp._tcp</type> <port>548</port> </service> 

 <service> <type>_device-info._tcp</type> <port>0</port> 

 <txt-record>model=Xserve</txt-record> 

 </service> 

</service-group> 

[mavila@marco-workstation-amd 20:59:41] ~ $ 

And it simply works. Nice